SUPRA
Year
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
U.S. sales
26207
21542
16146
34048
26972
29871
23568
Betty My current supra and project car 1985 Supra p-type.
Blupra A shrine to my old Supra R.I.P.
Karmen My newest Supra 1985 SDR p-type
Parts a spot for my project parts and parts stash.
Baxter 03'  Baxter auto parts 27th annual Portland historic races July 11-13, 2003.
Baxter 04'  Baxter auto parts 28th annual Portland historic races July 9-11, 2004.





1965-1968  Toyota 2000GT

Toyota got its start in the sports car market with a tiny 2 cylinder model called the Sports 800 in 1964.  It featured
an 800cc engine that produced 45hp, the curb weight was  under 1300lbs.  But in 1965 Toyota created a winner
with the 2000GT.  Powered by a 150hp Twin-Cam inline 6 cylinder engine that displaced a mere 2 liters, Toyota
proved that they could build a real performance car.  It featured fully independent suspension, rack and pinion
steering, and power disc brakes all the way around.  The car could hit 60mph in ten seconds flat run the 1/4 mile
in just over 16 seconds and had a top speed of 128mph.  The styling is very clean and reminiscent of a Jaguar E
type with the long hood and the driver sitting nearly over the rear wheels.  It is rumored that the same people that
designed the 2000GT went on to work at Datsun to design the highly popular 240Z.  A convertible 2000GT was
featured in the James Bond movie "You only Live Twice", there were 2 convertibles produced for the movie of
which only one is still known to exist.  The 2000GT is the only Japanese car to have a true car collector following
with nice models selling for over $100,000 these days due to very limited production numbers.

The popularity of the 2000GT led to Toyota creating the Celica which debuted in 1971  and was priced affordably
so that almost anyone could experience Toyota performance themselves. Now over 30 years later the Celica is
still an affordable performance car.  Toyota went back to their roots in 1979 with the Celica Supra which was built
on a lengthened Celica chassis, it featured an inline 6 cylinder engine and disc brakes all around.  This first
Celica Supra was soon replaced in 1982 by an even more superior model that brought back the fully independent
suspension  and a Twin-Cam inline 2.8 liter 6 cylinder engine.  The Celica Supra eventually became the Supra
when the Celica model switched to a front wheel drive in 1986.  The Supra continued to get refinements over the
years, arguably the best yet is the 4th generation model which was Sold in the U.S. from 1993-1998.  The top of
the line model featured a twin turbo 3 liter inline 6 that produced over 320hp, which was mated to a 6 speed
manual gearbox driving the rear wheels as always.  Hardtop models produced 1G of road holding and accelerated
to 60 mph in well under 5 seconds.

HKS tipped their hat to the car that started it all by creating a specially tuned 4th generation Supra called the
3000GT.  There is rumor of Toyota producing the Supra once again, but it will likely be powered by a V8 engine
which has caused some enthusiasts to cry foul.  Only time will tell if Toyota can once again pay homage to the
2000GT that they created nearly 40 years ago.

Mk1  (1979-1981)

The first Celica Supra was introduced to America in 1979 as Toyota's response to the popular Datsun (a.k.a
Nissan) Z-Car. Built on a Celica chassis that was lengthened 5.1 inches, the Supra replaced the Celica's
4-cylinder with a 2.6-liter SOHC inline-6.

In appearance, the Supra was distinguished from the Celica by it's longer wheelbase, wide "B" pillar, unique grille
(styled after the 2000GT) and its badging. The first generation Supra is commonly referred to as the Mark I (MKI).
 
Changes:

1979: The Celica Supra is introduced in America. Built on a Celica chassis that was lengthened 5.1 inches, the
Supra replaced the Celica's 4-cylinder with a 2.6-liter SOHC inline-6. It also featured a four-link rear suspension
with coil springs, lateral track bar and stabilizer bar. In appearance, the Supra was distinguished from the Celica
by its longer wheelbase, wide "B" pillar, unique grille (styled after the 2000 GT) and its badging.

1980:(Ed note: Thanks to Christopher Eng for the following information) Changes are mostly cosmetic for the
interior and exterior. The interior gets a redesigned/reshaped center console and a digital quart clock (the 79s
had a analog quartz clock). On the exterior are redesigned left/right side view mirrors, the 14x5.5 aluminum rims,
which were optional in 79, are now standard (the 79s had steel rims w/plastic wheel covers standard). In addition
body molded mudflaps become available. On the Copper Metallic and White cars the flaps were painted the body
color while on all other colors the flaps were left black. On the rear of the flaps, painted in white lettering, was the
word "Celica".

1981: The big news is a new 2.8 liter SOHC engine that boasts 116 hp and 145 ft-lbs of torque. (hey it may not
seem like much today but in 1981 these were fairly respectable numbers). A new Sports Performance Package is
offered as an option including sport suspension, raised white letter tires, and front and rear spoilers. Alas this is
the last year that an 8-track stereo tape deck is to be offered.  

The Celica Supra Matures Into A Performance Car.

In 1982 Toyota introduced the second generation Supra, or MKII, with a 2.8-liter Double-Overhead-Cam (DOHC)
inline 6-cylinder engine (the 5M-GE). The new engine developed 145 horsepower and launched the Supra as
Toyota's performance leader.

The new Supra still shared its basic chassis design with the more plebian Celica although Toyota added
numerous styling and mechanical changes to further differentiate the two models. The most distinctive Supra
identification was the front styling with distinctive disappearing headlamps, long power bulge hood and slit grill with
integrated driving lights. Additional styling cues included wheel flares (later shared with the Celica GT-S),
roof-mounted spoiler, and exterior paint schemes. On the mechanical side the Supra had four wheel disc brakes
and an independent rear suspension (both of these were also shared with the Celica GT-S). The 1982 Supra was
such a formidable execution of design and engineering that it won Motor Trend's Import Car of the Year award.

Changes:

1982: The second generation Supra is introduced. Still based on the Celica platform the new Supra sports a
completely unique front end design including: hood, fenders, bumpers, and grill. The heart of the new Supra is a
2.8 liter, DOHC, electronically fuel injected, 6-cylinder engine producing 145 hp. There are two models available:
"performance" or P-Type and "luxury" or L-Type. The P-Type is came equipped with flared fenders, unique 7"
wide aluminum alloy wheels shod with 225/60HR14 tires, standard 5-speed manual transmission, and optional
rear window sunshade spoiler. The L-Type or "luxury" model went without the wheel flares and sunshade spoiler
but offered some special option packages not available on the performance model such as a leather seat trim
package and a digital electronic display package. The L-Type also featured special aluminum alloy wheels shod
with 195/70SR14 tires. The L-Type rims were also available on the Celica as an option. An optional 4-speed
automatic overdrive transmission was available on the L-Type only.

1983: The engines output is increased by 5 hp to 150 hp and a new "electronically controlled" 4-speed automatic
transmission is made available. Other changes include the addition of platinum tipped spark plugs, a new
differential ratio on the 5-speed. The sunshade is now standard on the performance model. The L-Type gets a
new standard cloth interior. Mudflaps are now available on the performance model along with headlight washers.
For some strange reason the headlight washers are not available on the L-Type. A leather interior, previously
available only on the L-Type, is made available mid-year as an option on the P-type.

1984:The Supra receives it's first slew of minor updates, primarily cosmetic. On the exterior the front spoiler is
redesigned to improve high-speed aerodynamics. New wrap around parking/turn signal/side marker lights replace
the separate markers used on the 82-83 models. On the rear, the hatch is now body colored, unlike the previous
year models which were all black regardless of body color. The small Supra logo in the right rear corner of the
hatch is replaced with Supra spelled out in large outline letters across the full width of the hatch. The rear taillights
are also updated with the most visual change being the relocation of the reverse lights from the center of the lens
to the inside next to the license plate frame. The previous pull open door handles are replaced by a flip up
design. The interior receives numerous updates as well including a new two-spoke steering wheel, a new 130 mph
speedometer (finally killing the stupid 85 mph version). The control pods on the sides of the instrument cluster
which housed the cruise control and rear defroster controls are replaced with switches for the rear defroster and
a main activation switch for the cruise control (the functions for setting, canceling, and resuming cruise control are
moved to the windshield washer stalk), and the power door lock switch moves from the center console to the door
armrest. The previous year's cassette/equalizer radio upgrade is now standard.

1985: Changes from the 84 model are subtle with the most significant change being a redesigned rear spoiler.
The single large sunshade spoiler is replaced by an integrated sunshade (flush to the hatch) and lower rear
spoiler. The two-tone paint option is revised so that instead of just the lower portion of the car (below the side
trim) being painted in a different color, the top of the car is painted to match as well. The L-Type gets new 15"
rims shod with 205/60/15's. The new rims are a flattened version of the performance model's wheels and are quite
rare. A Toyota factory alarm system is offered and this was the first year that heated power side view mirrors were
made available. The radio is redesigned with most things being the opposite of before. The equalizer is now
smaller and mounted below the radio. The main radio controls are moved to the driver's side of the radio and the
station buttons are now located above rather than below the station indicator window.

1986: While 1985 was to be the last year of the second generation model, delays in production of the third
generation model put Toyota in the position of having no model to sell at the start of the 1986 season. To fill the
gap, Toyota held over the 1985 model. This holdover required the installation of the new for 86 mandatory center
high mounted stop light (CHMSL). The CHMSL was mounted in the center of the lower spoiler. It has been relayed
to me by owners of these cars that they were sold and registered as 1986 models. The L-Type was not carried
over to 1986.

Other Codes
Model Codes - Color Codes - Trim Codes - Axle Codes - Transmission Codes

Model Codes

The model code is broken into two segments. The first segment consists of numbers and letters that identify the
chassis/engine combination and drive position. The second segment consists of letters and although I am yet
sure I believe they may signify the actual model designation. For example: my 83 L-Type tag reads
"MA61L-BLMOFA" while a data tag for my 85 performance model (i.e., P-Type) reads "MA61L-BLMQFA". If I were
to speculate (and I am) I would be led to believe the "O" in the second segment signifies an L-Type while the "Q"
signifies a perfomance model. I have not received enough contradictory information as yet to sway me from this
belief. Keep supplying me with those numbers!

The last letter signifies the drive positon: L = Left Hand Drive, R = Right Hand Drive

MA46L = Celica Supra with 4M-E engine (1979-1980)
MA47L = Celica Supra with 5M-E engine (1981)
MA61L = Celica Supra with 5M-GE- engine (1982-1986)
MA70L = Supra with Non-Turbo 7M-GE engine (1986.5-1992)
MA71L = Supra with Turbo 7M-GTE engine (1987-1992)
JZA80 = Supra with non-Turbo (1993-1997)
JZA8? = Supra with Twin-Turbo (1993-1997)

Color Codes

040 = Super White
137 = Silver Metallic (1980)
141 = Silver (1983 L-Type)
163 = Gray Metallic Clear Coat (1988)

202 = Black (1982-1986)
299 = Two-tone Red/Gloss Black (1982)
2P3 = Light Blue/Dark Blue (1984)
2U4 = Dark Blue/Super Silver (1985)

325 = Super Red (92)
379 = Maroon (85)
3E5 = Medium Red Pearl? (1990)
3F2 = Super Deep Red (85-86)
3H1 = Red Pearl (86.5-87)
3H2 = Maroon (86.5)

474 = Copper Metallic (79-80)

861 = Light Blue Metallic (1979)
888 = Light Blue Metallic Clear Coat (1981)
889 = Light Blue Metalic Clear Coat (1982)
896 = Dark Blue Metallic (1983)
8B4 = Dark Blue Metallic (85-86)
8E3 = Dark Blue (87)

Trim Codes

FD12 = Gray Cloth (86.5)
FD32 = Red Cloth (1986.5)
FD82 = Dark Blue Cloth (87)
FJ12 - Gray Cloth (90)
FX21 = Black Cloth (82-83)
FX81 = Blue Cloth (84)
FW81 = Light Blue Cloth (82 L-Type)

GL36 = Maroon Leather(85)
GL81 = Dark Blue Cloth (82-83 L-Type)
GR26 = Gray Cloth (84)
GR36 = Maroon Cloth (85)
GR86 = Blue Cloth (85)
GQ86 = Blue Cloth (85 L-Type)

HB85 = Blue Cloth (81)

LB12 = Gray Leather (87)
LD15 = Shadow Gray Leather (92)
LF21 = Black Leather (83 L-Type)
LG24 = Gray Leather (85-86)
LG26 = Gray Leather (85)
LG36 = Maroon Leather (85-86)
LG86 = Blue Leather (85-86)
LJ81 = Blue Leather (79)

YS34 = Maroon Cloth (84)
YS84 = Light Blue Cloth (84 Performance)
YW41 = Tan Cloth (79)
YW45 = Tan Cloth (80)
YW85 = Blue Cloth (80)

Other Codes

Model Codes - Color Codes - Trim Codes - Axle Codes - Transmission Codes

Axle Codes

As an example of how to decipher the axle code:

83 Supra L-Type reads "F302" this corresponds to:
a 7.5" Ring Gear, a 3.727 gear ratio, and 2 pinions with no LSD.

85 P-Type reads "F283" this corresponds to:
a 7.5" Ring Gear, a 4.30 gear ratio, and 2 Pinions with LSD.












































Transmission Codes

Manual

W50 = 5-speed manual (79-80 4M-E, and 81 5M-E)
W58 = 5-speed manual (82-86 5M-GE and 1986.5 -1992 7M-GE)
R154 = 5-speed manual (86.5-92 7M-GTE)

Automatic

A40D = 4-speed automatic (79-80 with 4M-E engine)
A43DL = 4-speed automatic (82 with 5M-GE engine)
A43DE = 4-speed automatic (83-86 with 5M-GE engine)
A340E = 4-speed automatic (93-97)
First Digit
(Ring Gear Diameter)
A = 138 mm
B = 145 mm
C = 6.25 "
D = 6.62"
E = 7.1"
F = 7.5"
G = 8"
H = 9"
J = 9.25"
K = 9.5"
L = 10.5"
M = 12.5"
N = 13.5"
P = 14"
R = 162 mm
S = 6.38"
T = 6.7"
U = 6"
V = 10.6"
W = 15.5"
X = 142 mm
Y = 158 mm
Second & Third Digits
(Gear Ratio)
01 = 3.30
02 = 3.36
03 = 3.545
04 = 3.556
05 = 3.70
06 = 3.889
07 = 3.90
08 = 4.111
09 = 4.222
10 = 4.375
11 = 4.444
12 = 4.625
13 = 4.79
14 = 4.875
15 = 5.125
16 = 5.286
17 = 5.60
18 = 5.714
19 = 5.833
20 = 6.167
21 = 6.667
22 = 6.78
23 = 6.833
24 = 7.64
25 = 4.556
26 = 5.571
27 = 3.364
28 = 4.30
29 = 4.10
30 = 3.727
31 = 3.909
32 = 6.591 or 5.583
33 = 7.503 or 5.583
34 = 6.781 or 4.786
35 = 7.636 or 5.60
36 = 4.778
37 = 3.583
38 = 3.417
Fourth Digit
(# of Pinion Gears Limited Slip (yes/no)
2 = 2 Pinions/No LSD
3 = 2 Pinions /Yes LSD
4 = 4 Pinions/No LSD
5 = 4 Pinions/Yes LSD